Blood Pressure Information
Blood pressure is a measurement of the force applied to the artery walls as the heart pumps blood through the body. The pressure is determined by the amount of blood pumped, the force at which it is pumped, and the size and flexibility of the arteries.
-The top number of a blood pressure reading is the systolic reading. It represents the maximum pressure exerted when the heart contracts. Anormal systolic reading is 120 or less.
-The bottom number of a blood pressure reading is called the diastolicreading. It represents the pressure in the arteries when the heart is at restin the contraction. A normal diastolic reading is 80 or less.
Blood pressure is continually changing depending on activity, temperature, diet, stress, sickness, and what medications you might use.
There are several things you can do if you have high blood pressure. Although high blood pressure cannot be cured, it can be controlled. The following are ways to reduce your blood pressure:
-Reduce the fat in your diet andsodium in your diet.
-Get regular physical exercise and lose weight if needed.
-Reduce the amount of alcohol you might consume on a daily basis.
-If you are a smoker and have high blood pressure,
quitting smoking will notonly help lower blood pressure but will
help keep yourcardiovascular systemworking properly.
-If none of the above work for a certain individual, medications
can be used tomonitor high blood pressure